Livestock sector catches up dairynews7x7

The allied sectors of Indian agriculture – livestock, forestry & logging and fishing &
aquaculture are gradually becoming sectors of buoyant growth and a potential source of better
farm incomes. The livestock sector grew at a CAGR of 7.9 per cent during 2014-15 to 2020-
21 (at constant prices), and its contribution to total agriculture GVA (at constant prices) has
increased from 24.3 per cent in 2014-15 to 30.1 per cent in 2020-21. Similarly, the annual
average growth rate of the fisheries sector has been about 7 per cent since 2016-17 and has a
share of about 6.7 per cent in total agriculture GVA. Higher growth in allied sectors compared
to the crop sector has obvious implications in terms of the increasing importance of the former
in total agricultural GVA. Recognising the growing importance of allied sectors, the Committee
on Doubling Farmers’ Income (DFI, 2018) considers dairying, livestock, poultry, fisheries and
horticulture as high-growth engines and has recommended a focussed policy with a concomitant
support system for the allied sector.

Though the Crop sector is still the major contributor to agriculture GVA, the
livestock sector is catching up (per cent)

The dairy sector is the most critical component of the livestock sector, employing more
than eight crore farmers directly, and is the most prominent agrarian product. Other livestock
products, such as eggs and meat, are also growing in importance. While India ranks first in milk
production in the world, it ranks third in egg production and eighth in meat production in the

Cognisant of the importance of allied sectors, the Government has made several critical
interventions to enhance infrastructure and improve livestock productivity and disease control.
As a part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat (ANB) stimulus package, the Animal Husbandry
Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) worth ₹15,000 crore was launched in 2020. Under
this scheme, the Central Government provides a 3 per cent interest subvention to the borrower
and credit guarantees up to 25 per cent of total borrowing. As of 14 October 2022, 116 projects
have been approved under the scheme involving project costs of ₹3,731.4 crore. National
Livestock Mission (NLM) scheme has been restructured for 2021-22 to 2025-26. The scheme
focuses on entrepreneurship development and breeds improvement in poultry, sheep, goat
and piggery, including feed and fodder development. Also, the Livestock Health and Disease
Control (LH&DC) Scheme is being implemented to supplement the State/UT governments’
efforts towards preventing, controlling and containing animal diseases of economic and zoonotic
importance by vaccination. National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) is being
implemented to control Foot & Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by completely vaccinating cattle,
buffalo, sheep, goat and pig populations against Foot & Mouth Disease and bovine female
calves of 4-8 months of age against brucellosis.

Source : Economic Survey 2022-23 Jan 31st 2023

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